Shoulder Anatomy 101
Your shoulders allow you to engage in many of the activities you love. As a large and complex joint, it allows you to move your arm in almost any direction, and to carry out important motions like throwing, pulling, reaching, and even waving to a friend. There isn’t a single sport that doesn’t require the smooth and pain-free function of your shoulders. This is exactly why a shoulder injury can impair so many aspects of your life.
Let’s unpack what it takes to make your shoulder function as it should – and how things can go wrong in the process.
What Makes Up Your Shoulder Joint?
Your shoulder bones and soft tissues work together to allow you to move it. Your shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that connects your arm bone and shoulder blade. This type of fit is what allows such a great range of arm and shoulder motion, including front, back, up, down, and circular movements. It’s also what makes your shoulder susceptible to injury.
Where Shoulder Problems Typically Arise
Most shoulder injuries begin with trauma during a fall, sports injury, or car accident. The damage can also occur little by little over time, as is the case with repetitive stress conditions.
Common injuries affecting the bones of the shoulder include fractures and dislocations. Soft tissue of the shoulder can tear, become inflamed, irritated, or otherwise damaged. Tendons, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and bursa are all subject to these types of injuries. Degenerative conditions like arthritis and osteoporosis can increase your risk of a shoulder injury requiring medical attention.
Find out more about common shoulder conditions and what you can do about it:
- Shoulder instability
- Shoulder pain
- Shoulder arthritis
- Rotator cuff tears
- SLAP tear
- Bursitis – impingement syndrome
- Shoulder dislocations
- Acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation
- Scapular dyskinesis
- Frozen shoulder
Shoulder Surgeon in Knoxville and Athens, TN
Find out more about what makes a healthy shoulder – and how to restore function if you’ve suffered a shoulder injury. Call Dr. David Hovis at The Shoulder Institute at ORTHOKnox at (865) 251-3030 to schedule your consultation.